— Gongsun Li’s red ensemble appreciation (The King’s Woman)
— Gongsun Li’s red ensemble appreciation (The King’s Woman)
srsly as an addendum to that post- one thing i notice about those people who make rip-offs of east asian clothing (like the shittily appropriative kinds that get used as halloween costumes) is they can NEVER seem to get the left-over-right thing correct. they frequently fold it right over left and look rightly ridiculous.
how hard is it to remember???…left over right. always left over right- for living people, at least.
(case in point^^^^^^)
((i’m not 100% sure if right-over-left in chinese culture was always to do with funerals as it is for japanese culture tho but right over left if a normal person is wearing the hanfu is definitely seen as wrong. tho I’ve heard some stuff about how it might have originated because non-Han people (regarded as ‘barbarians’) folded their tunics the right over left way and ofc the Han felt a need to distinguish themselves…))
Although in funeral people would put the originally left-over-right clothing to right-over-left, but I think it is more to do with the sign of civilization and the right to rule (? 正統, mandate of heaven and stuff like that) for Chinese Han.
When the Mongolians and the Manchurians took over China they would also enforced the left-over-right thing among their people. In the Mongolian case, they actually specified that the Han people must wear right-over-left. As a result, even in Ming sometimes the ladies may still worn right-over-left clothings.
So basically if a country wanted to show that they are proper rulers of a civilization (by Chinese Han standard), they would enforced the left-over-right rule. Otherwise it doesn’t matter, left-over-right or right-over-left is just probability and personal preference.
In modern time the left-over-right rule is compulsory in hanfu – because we do like to think that we are civilized people. And not non-mainstream (another meaning of right-over-left).
An easy way to remember left-over-right is to think of the collar shape as a “y” ^^
杨洋 Yang Yang
The Ewenki people, with a population of 30,875 (2010 census), are distributed across seven counties in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and in Nahe County of Heilongjiang Province, where they live together with Mongolians, Daurs, Hans, and Oroqens.
“Ewenki” is the self-denomination for the group, meaning “people who live in the mountain forest.”
The ancestors of the Ewenkis had originally been people who earned their living by fishing, hunting, and breeding reindeer in the forests northeast of Lake Baikal and along the Shileke River. They traced their ancestry to the “Shiweis,” particularly the “Northern Shiwesis” and the “Bo Shiweis” living at the time of Northern Wei (386-534) on the upper reaches of the Heilong River, and the “Ju” tribes that bred deer at the time of Tang Dynasty (618-907) in the forests of Taiyuan to the northeast of Lake Baikal.
Later, they moved east, coming to live in the middle reaches of the Heilong River. The Ewenkis, the Oroqens, and the Mongolians living in the forests east of Lake Baikal and the Heilong River Valley were known as the “forest people” during the Yuan Dynasty (1280-1368). By the time of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), they were called the “people moving on deer’s backs.” During the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), they grouped with the “Sulongs” or “Kemunikans,” who also used deer.
By the mid-seventeenth century and onward, aggression by a Tsarist Russia had led the Qing government to move the Ewenkis to tributaries along the Nenjiang River. In 1732, 1,600 Ewenkis were called up in the Buteha area and were ordered to perform garrison duties as frontier guards on the Hulunbuir Grassland. Their descendants are nor the inhabitants of the Ewenki Autonomous County.
Natural Environment and Resources
The Ewenki Autonomous County, nestled in the ranges of the Greater Hinggan Mountains, is where the Ewenki people live in compact communities. A total of 19,110 square kilometers in area, it has more than 600 lakes of various sizes and 11 springs. The pasturelands totaling 9,200 square kilometers is water by the Yimin and four other rivers.
Large numbers of livestock and great quantities of knitting wool, milk, wool-tops, and casings are produced in the county. Pelts of fur-bearing animals are also produced locally. Reeds are in great abundance along the Huihe River. Some 35,000 tons are used annually for making paper. Lying beneath the grassland are rich deposits of coal, iron, gold, copper and rock crystal.
Immigration in the past has led to population dispersion, which has resulted in great unevenness in the social development of the Ewenki people living in different places with diverse natural conditions. Some Ewenki people are nomads, others are farmers or farmer-hunters, and a small number of them are hunters.
The Ewenkis in the Ewenki Autonomous County leads a nomadic life, wandering with their herds from place to place in search of grass and water. They live in tent-like structures called yurts.
The Ewenki people excel in horsemanship. Boys and girls learn to ride on horseback at six or seven when they go out to pasture cattle with their parents. Girls are taught to milk cows and take part in horseracing at around ten and learn the difficult art of lassoing horses when they grow a little older.
A “Mikuole” festival is traditionally observed by Ewenki herdsmen in May every year. At happy gatherings held everywhere on the grasslands, men, women, and children, dressed in their holiday best, go from yurt to yurt to partake wine, fine foods and other delicacies prepared for the occasion. It is a time for nomads to count new-born lambs and take stock of their wealth, and for young, sturdy lads to demonstrate their skills in lassoing horses and branding or castrating them.
The Ewenkis’ clothing is “adapted to the cold but rather dry climate of Central Siberia and to a life a mobility,” wearing “garments of soft reindeer or elk skin around their hips, along with leggings and moccasins, or long supple boots reaching their thigh.” They also wear a deerskin coat that does not close in the front but instead covers with an apron-like cloth. Some Ewenki decorate their clothing with fringes or embroidery. The Ewenki traditional costume always consists of these elements: the loincloth made of animal hide, leggings, and booth of varying lengths. Facial tattooing is also very common.
Most Ewenki people are animists while those in the pastoral areas are followers of the Lamaist faith. A few living in the Chenbaerhu area are believers of the Eastern Orthodox Church.
While believing in animism, Ewenki people also worship their dead ancestors, and lingering influences of bear worship is still found among Ewenki hunters. After killing a bear, the Ewenkis would conduct a series of rituals at which the bear’s head, bones, and entrails are bundled in birch bark or dry grass and hung on a tree to give the beast a “wind burial.” The hunters weep and kowtow while making offerings of tobacco to the dead animal. In the Chenbaerhu area, every clan has its own totem – a swan or a duck – as an object of veneration. People would toss milk into the air upon seeing a real swan or duck flying overhead. No killing of these birds is permitted.
Culture and Arts
Myths, fables, ballads, and riddles form their oral literature. Embroidery, carving, and painting are among the traditional lines of modeling arts as commonly seen on utensils decorated with various floral designs. An adept hand is also shown by the Ewenkis at birch bark carving and cutting in producing all kinds of fancy beasts and animals as toys for children.